Monckeberg medial calcific sclerosis is a form of arteriosclerosis characterised by calcific deposits within the media of medium and small muscular arteries that do not cause luminal narrowing. The calcification is typically diffuse and circumferential along the vessel and is readily visible on plain film.

The exact pathogenesis is unknown but it is more common with advancing age, diabetes and chronic renal disease.
This patient also has a popliteal artery aneurysm, presumably due to a superimposed atherosclerotic plaque. Popliteal artery aneurysms are bilateral in 60 to 70% and are associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms in 30 to 50%. There is a strong male predilection (male to female ratio of 15:1). The commonest complications are insitu thrombus and distal thromboembolism; rupture is rare.

1. Kaufman J & Lee M. Vascular & Interventional Radiology The Requisites Mosby 2004.
2. Wright LB et al. Popliteal artery disease: diagnosis and treatment. Radiographics 2004;24:467-479.

Credit: Dr Donna D’Souza